View from within the walled garden across Buxus sempervivens wave hedge with frost. Designed by Arne Maynard. c Richard Bloom

Winter structure in the garden

A walled garden within a West Sussex estate hides a magical space given a contemporary twist by designer Arne Maynard that is just as effective in winter as it is in the peak summer months

In brief
What Private family garden
Where West Sussex
Size 85 x 110m walled garden
Soil Part green sand, part sandy loam
Climate In a frost pocket
Hardiness rating USDA 8

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When designer Arne Maynard was invited to advise the owners on what to do with this walled garden area, he found overgrown apples trees in a carpet of couch grass and bindweed, and four vast beds divided by an intersecting pair of paths.

“I felt there was much that was fundamentally right and didn’t want to disturb the basic layout, but the beds were far too big to manage effectively, so I looked at ways of subdividing each quarter into manageable spaces,” says Arne.

Stripped of the distracting froth of summer planting, the structure he developed is an ornamental feature in its own right – traditional yet modern, like a monochrome Mondrian. Three of the large quadrants have been subdivided by secondary paths to create space for raised vegetable beds, soft fruits and flowers to cut for the house. As you would expect in a garden designed by Arne, everything is quietly beautiful, including such practical elements as the oak posts and parallel bars that support raspberries, blackberries and fan-trained cherries. The fourth quadrant has been reimagined as a picnic area, with a sunken central lawn reached by a gently spiralling path.

Designed by Arne Maynard. c. Richard Bloom

In summer, every inch of soil is hidden by vegetables, fruit and flowers for cutting; only in winter can the true layout and skilled husbandry be fully appreciated.

c. Richard Bloom

Outside the walled garden, a stone-edged pool provides a quiet counterpoint to the intense planting inside the walls.

At this quietest time of year, with the layers stripped back, its strong structure rewards careful scrutiny
Ornamental grasses. c. Richard Bloom

One quadrant of the garden is given over to an ornamental grass spiral that offers a gentle contrast to the more formal box hedge. In summer it conceals a picnic spot, and in winter is a beautiful contemporary tapestry.

Buxus sempervivens cloud pruned hedge. c. Richard Bloom

Cloud-pruned Buxus sempervirens hedges provide a sculptural element.

Walled garden designed by Arne Maynard. c. Richard Bloom

Demonstrating that there is great beauty in utility, the winter framework of trained fruit trees, timber-edged beds and robust training posts is easy to appreciate.

Gloriously gnarled apple trees speak of the history of the place
Walled garden designed by Arne Maynard. Miscanthus sinensis Malepartus, Miscanthus sinensis Kleine Fontane, Miscanthus sinensis Gracillimus, Fagus sylvatica purpurea, copper beech

The fluffy white heads of Miscanthus sinensis ‘Kleine Fontaine’, ‘Malepartus’ and ‘Gracillimus’, and clipped beech sentries hide a sunken lawn that is reached by a spiralling path.

Reflective pool. c. Richard Bloom.

The interplay of light and shadow is a particular pleasure in this area outside the walls, where head gardener Ben Pope has designed a rectangular mirror pool overlooked by neat yew buttresses.

Walled garden gate and entrance. c. Richard Bloom

An elaborate and whimsical metalwork gate was added in the 1930s. Set within an ivy-and-lichen covered moon gateway it acts as a perfect precursor to the combination of traditional and contemporary planting within the walled garden.

Making the most of winter
Head gardener Ben Pope has worked in partnership with designer Arne Maynard and introduced many innovations of his own to this garden. Here he offer five tips to make the most of a winter garden.

• The layout of the garden and its paths can have as much visual interest as topiary and hedges. Straight lines encourage the eye to move quickly, while curves are more gentle and leisurely. Sharp corners attract attention and can act as visual resting places.
• In low, winter sun you can engineer dramatic effects that exploit the bright highlights and long shadows of trees, topiary and garden structure.
• Repetition is a useful tool. Repeating various shapes, surfaces and materials around the garden will encourage the eye to link different spaces together, reinforcing the underlying sense of movement and interest.
• Contrast textures in your planting as much as your hard landscaping. For example, the bones of miscanthuses and sedums work particularly well when sited close to the smooth surfaces of well-clipped topiary and hedges.
• Vistas are key. In winter there is far less to distract the viewer, which helps to increase the visual impact of a well-crafted vista.

You can follow Ben Pope’s gardening activities at theworkinggarden.com or follow him on Instagram for more inspirational shots.

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Words: Jodie Jones
Photographs: Richard Bloom