Gardens Illustrated
Gardens Illustrated picks out garden furniture, tools and lifestyle items that we think are the best and most exciting, based on independent research and careful consideration. On some occasions we earn revenue if you click the links and buy the products. But this doesn’t affect what we choose to highlight and we will never let it bias our coverage.
Sassafras albidum sapling, a great autumn tree

The best trees for autumn colour

16 of the best autumn trees for a show-stopping display of colour, chosen by the experts at Kwekerij Arborealis nursery in the Netherlands. Photographs Maayke de Ridder and Andrea Jones

In autumn, gardeners are looking for trees with impressive colour that will brighten the garden as we get ever closer to the darker days of winter. The beauty of trees comes to the fore in the garden at this time of year, and their foliage interest extends the season and provides interest during a time when most flowers have long since finished their display.

Advertisement

Below is a selection of autumn trees have great colour and will suit small and large gardens alike.

In the list, there are a few rare autumn trees amongst some well-known types, but all are suitable to grow in British and northern European gardens.

Kwekerij Arborealis nursery in the Netherlands
Kwekerij Arborealis nursery in the Netherlands. Specialists in trees and shrubs. Photo Maayke de Ridder

How to choose and buy the perfect autumn tree

  • Think how long you're planning to stay in your current property and how patient you are.
  • Remember its ultimate size. Always opt for a tree of a scale and shape that can be accommodated within the space you have in mind.
  • Ask your neighbours about their experience of growing trees in their gardens. You might also be able to complement each other's planting - not all trees are self-fertile, so if you plant the female, they could plant the male.
  • If you're buying a young tree, check it's not pot bound and look at its shape. Make sure the top is nice and straight, and that there are enough side branches.
  • If you're buying a grafted tree, ask which type of roos stock was used – this may affect the suitability of your soil type.
  • We recommend going to visit gardens to see the tree in situ, before you buy it. It's the best way to get a real feel for its appearance and height - a key factor to consider when choosing a tree for your garden.

    WHERE TO SEE

How to plant a tree

  • Plant when the soil is moist and frost-free, and water regularly during dry spells in the first growing season (from when the tree starts to leaf up until the leaves fall in autumn). Don't make it 'lazy' by over watering.
  • Stake the tree immediately after planting. If you need to prune, do so just before bud burst in late spring, to avoid infection.
  • As a rule of thumb a tree's root system is as wide as its crown. Be aware that shallow-rooting trees may get in the way of other planting ideas, and don't forget to factor in sewage and other pipes when deciding where to place the tree.

The best autumn trees for colour

1

Stewartia pseudocamellia Koreana Group

Stewartia pseudocamellia Koreana Group

Beautiful flaking, camouflage-style bark in shades of grey, brown and burnt ochre. Autumn colour ranges from darkest claret to bright orange. Prefers peaty conditions and light shade.
Height after ten years 3-5m. Ultimate height 12m. Ultimate spread 6m. Hardiness rating RHS H5, USDA 8a.

Buy Stewartia pseudocamellia Koreana Group from the RHS

Buy Stewartia pseudocamellia Koreana Group from Hayloft

2

Mespilus germanica ‘Westerveld’

Mespilus germanica ‘Westerveld’, a great autumn tree

Prefers a sunny position and fertile soil. Green foliage in spring and summer and a coppery orange-yellow in autumn, Don’t gorge on fruit as the seeds are toxic when eaten in large quantities.
Height after 10 years 4-5m. Ultimate height 5-6m. Ultimate spread 4-6m. Hardiness rating RHS H4, USDA 5a.

Buy Mespilus germanica ‘Westerveld’ from the RHS

Buy Mespilus germanica ‘Westerveld’ from Habitat Aid

3

Cornus officinalis

Cornus officinalis, good tree for autumn

Yellow flowers in spring and beautiful (medicinal) red fruits in September – October with vivid reddish brown leaves. Prefers dappled shade.
Height after 10 years 5m. Ultimate height 5m. Ultimate spread 5m. Hardiness rating RHS H4, USDA 8b/9a.

Buy Cornus officinalis from the RHS

Buy Cornus officinalis from Thompson & Morgan

4

Heptacodium miconioides

Heptacodium miconioides, an autumn tree

Fragrant, creamy-white flowers in late summer followed by pink and purple sepals, and bright-yellow leaves. Perfect for city and courtyard gardens, with full sun or dappled shade.
Height after 10 years 4m. Ultimate height 4-8m. Ultimate spread 2.5-4m. Hardiness rating RHS H5, USDA 7b-8a.

Buy Heptacodium miconioides from the RHS

Buy Heptacodium miconioides from Crocus

5

Styrax japonicus ‘Fargesii’

Styrax japonicus ‘Fargesii’, a good autumn tree

Bushy Japanese snowbell with finely pointed leaves that turn yellow and orange in autumn. Can be pruned and kept narrow.
Height after 10 years 5m. Ultimate height 8-12m. Ultimate spread 4-8m. Hardiness rating RHS H7, USDA 6a.

Buy Styrax japonicus ‘Fargesii’ from Thompson & Morgan

Buy Styrax japonicus ‘Fargesii’ from the RHS

6

Acer cissifolium

Acer cissifolium, a perfect autumn tree

Perfect for a solitary position in not too small a garden. Young shoots are grey, with reddish-brown specks that disappear with time. Matte dark green leaves turn an orangey red in autumn.
Height after 10 years 6m. Ultimate height 8m. Ultimate spread 10m. Hardiness rating RHS H4, USDA 8b-9a.

Buy Acer cissifolium from the RHS

Buy Acer cissifolium from Jurassicplants Nurseries

7

Acer negundo ‘Winter Lightning’

Acer negundo ‘Winter Lightning’, a good tree for autumn

Acers aren’t very obliging when it comes to pruning, but this box elder is the exception. Its feathery, light green leaves turn a soft brownish yellow in autumn. Prefers full sun in well-drained soil.
Height after 10 years 6m. Ultimate height 15m. Ultimate spread 12m. Hardiness rating RHS H7, USDA 6a.

8

Nyssa sinensis

Nyssa sinensis, an autumn tree

Foliage is bronze in spring, dark green in summer and a vibrant red and yellow in autumn. A more compact version of Nyssa sylvatica, this grows well in moist, humus-rich soils. Needs sheltering from cold, dry winds.
Height after 10 years 4m. Ultimate height 8-12m. Ultimate spread More than 8m. Hardiness rating RHS H6, USDA 7a.

9

Cornus kousa ‘Teutonia’

Cornus kousa ‘Teutonia’, autumn tree

Slow growing when young, this dogwood will speed up after a few years then slow down again. Beautiful and ornamental with white, flowers speckled with pink, dark red autumn colour and pink fruits. Will succeed in any soil of good or moderate fertility, but dislikes shallow, chalky soils. Suits small gardens.
Height after 10 years 2.5m. Ultimate height 5m. Ultimate spread 3m. Hardiness rating RHS H7, USDA 6a.

10

Acer griseum

Acer griseum, good tree for autumn colour

This paperbark maple sheds its shiny orange-brown skin in the thinnest of layers. The leaves produce a firework display of autumn colours, from scarlet pink to crimson red. Will do well in any soil, unless well-drained. Mind planting distance to walls, given its spreading silhouette.
Height after 10 years 6m. Ultimate height 12m. Ultimate spread 8m. Hardiness rating RHS H5, USDA 7b-8a.

11

Prunus serrula ‘Branklyn’

Prunus serrula ‘Branklyn’, autumn tree

This slender, upright and round-headed tree has a gorgeous trunk, with shiny coppery brown bark that sheds in paper thin strips. White flowering, with narrow willow-like leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Flowers and leaves pale in comparison to that beautiful glossy bark. Needs full sun.
Height after 10 years 5m. Ultimate height 8-12m. Ultimate spread More than 8m. Hardiness rating RHS H7, USDA 6a.

12

Pterostyrax corymbosa

Pterostyrax corymbosa, autumn tree

The epaulette tree is a moderate to fast grower, with a bumpy brown bark on its – generally multiple – stems. Around May to June it is covered in snowy drifts of fragrant white flowers, which will produce loads of hairy stone fruits in autumn among golden yellow leaves. Requires a good loamy soil and a sunny position. Perfect as a specimen.
Height after 10 years 5m. Ultimate height 12m. Ultimate spread 12m. Hardiness rating RHS H7, USDA 6a.

13

Liquidambar styraciflua

Acer campestre subsp. campestre, a good tree for autumn

On chalky soil don’t forget our medium-sized native field maple, which we see lighting up hedgerows in October and November with its bright yellow shades. Also happy in heavy clay or acid soil.
Height 10m. Spread 7m.

14

Sorbus commixta

Sorbus commixta, an autumn tree

Great for late autumn fruits, the Japanese rowan is one of the last to hang on to its leaves and berries, almost into December. On a bright, sunny day the fiery orange autumn colours resemble a bonfire in the garden.
Height 10m. Spread 7m.

15

Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Purple'

Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Purple', a good autumn tree

This large white ash is one of the first to change colour, with reddish-purple leaf shades, usually around the end of September.
Height 18m. Spread 12m.

16

Nyssa sylvatica

Nyssa sylvatica, a good autumn tree

The tupelo from North America is probably the most popular medium-sized tree to plant by water, for its rich scarlet autumn foliage. It grows slowly.
Height 20m. Spread 10m.

Where to buy autumn trees

Why do trees change colour in autumn?

The beautiful reds, yellows and oranges that light up both our natural landscape and our gardens in autumn are brought on by several changes. the days are shorter and the nights cooler, even before the first frosts. There also tends to be additional ground moisture at this time of year.

As the tree begins to stop food production, the amount of green pigment in the leaf, which we know as chlorophyll reduces. The carotenoids (which produce the orange-yellow colours) and anthocyanins (which produce the reds and purples) become the stronger pigments, overwintering the green chlorophyll. This is what gives us the gorgeous, varied tints that we know as autumn colour.

Advertisement

However, the autumn colour on trees is variable and relies heavily on some late summer rain. It is probably the most difficult season to predict, as it is often spread over a period of at least three months and its never the same from year to year.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement

Sponsored content