Gardens Illustrated

How to reduce plastic garden waste

Plastic waste in the garden is a problem. Here we look at how gardeners can reduce plastic use in the garden and offer some tips on how to get closer to a zero waste garden. Words Alys Fowler, illustration Vicki Turner

The invention of a light, yet strong, plastic pot in the 1960s changed how we gardened forever. It revolutionised the growing industry and played no small part in the making of the garden centre. The plastic pot meant you could sell plants throughout the year. It led to mechanised potting machines and industrial production of plants. It was a game changer.

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In the 1960s plastic dramatically changed the way we garden but now we're starting to see it's impact on the environment and we need to dramatically reduce our usage. Illustration by Vicki Turner.

For younger generations it’s hard to imagine, but autumn and winter was once the only time that trees, shrubs and perennials could be lifted and sold. There were attempts to make cardboard pots, and there was the Heartlands paper pot for annuals and the whale-hide pot for tomatoes (made not from whales, but rigid pitch and fibre) but they all fell apart too quickly, which meant you couldn’t have stock sitting around. Plastic changed all that.

The problem with plastic

Plastic is everywhere in gardening – in netting, fleece, hoses, warm and light clothing, waterproofs, wellingtons and tools. But the downside, as we now know, is that it doesn’t go away. It just breaks down into smaller and smaller particles. It is thought that the sea contains 51 trillion micro-plastic particles. By 2050, there will be more plastic than fish in the sea and 99 per cent of all the seabirds on the planet will have consumed plastic. And we are already starting to consume some of that plastic through the flesh of fish and other animals.

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As responsible gardeners, if you find a recycling point for plastic pots, do your duty. Wash your pots and stack them neatly.

In some areas, plastic pots are accepted in kerbside recycling. Sixty per cent of our plastic goes abroad to be recycled, in line with government subsidies. If you recycle in the UK, you only get paid for clean, sorted plastic, and this applies to just 40-50 per cent of an average tonne of collected recycling plastic. If you export, you get paid for the full tonne regardless of contamination. This incentivises processing outside of the UK.

There are several disadvantage to this. First, we’re missing a trick: processing plastic could be a lucrative and innovative market, and from an ethical standpoint we should be dealing with our waste at home, not sending it elsewhere. Second, and perhaps more urgently, is that China, the world leader in plastic recycling, recently announced that it would no longer accept contaminated plastic, which is often impossible to recycle. The hunt is now on to find an alternative and in the meantime the recycling is stacking up.

Top tips for responsible gardening

As responsible gardeners, if you find a recycling point for plastic pots, do your duty. Wash your pots and stack them neatly. Here are a few more tips to help you garden gently.

  • Reuse, reuse, reuse: use compost bags as rubbish bags, scrub plastic labels for another year (metal scourers will remove permanent pen ink), and store plastic items, such as pots and propagator lids, out of direct sunlight so that they last longer.
  • Question every bit of plastic that comes into your garden. What will you do with it when you’ve finished with it? Is there another option? Consider buying bamboo products and wooden-handled tools.
  • Visit the Recycle Now website for details of your local options for recycling specific plastics. Recyclable products are marked with a numbered triangular label to indicate what they are made off. Most plastic pots are made from high-density polyethylene (HDPE, triangular label 2) or polypropylene (PP, triangular label 5). Most kerbside recycling takes Triangular label 2.
  • Buy recycled plastic or biodegradable products where you can.
  • Consider using your recycling. It may be the oldest trick in the book, but the humble yoghurt pot makes an excellent seed pot.

Useful information

There are all kinds of popular plastic alternatives to familiar and essential garden materials to try these days. Here's just a selection of what's out there. Do your research and buy wisely.

• Ditch the plastic with bamboo plant markers and gardening scoops

• Even many gardening gloves contain plastic elements. Unlike these 4552-09 gloves from Showa.

• Classic plastic free tools last longer, such as this trowel and garden caddy

• Always make sure that – if you do need to use waste bags – that they're compostable.

• If you've not got a water barrel for collecting water for watering yet. Get one.

• And even your garden entertaining can be eco with everything from picnic rugs to firelighters to bird houses.

• And there are countless other pots made from recycled materials

Filcris Ltd is a large trade stockist and fabricator of recycled plastic products, offering a range of items from landscaping edging to plastic timber, raised beds and composters,

Soparco produces pots, containers and other items made from a high percentage of recycled raw materials for use in horticulture and nurseries,

A Short Walk specialises in eco products and offers recycled garden items including Ecopots – durable, attractive containers made from recycled plastics.


• Plantpak by Crest offers seed trays, modules and gravel trays, all made from 100 per cent recycled plastic. Crest Garden also makes peat-free fibre pots,


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