Gardens Illustrated
Narcissus ‘White Lady’. This old florist’s daffodil has long stems topped with sweetly scented blooms, each with white silky petals and a small yellow cup. It is a beautiful perennial daffodil for meadow planting. 45cm. RHS H6, USDA 4a-8b.

Sowing for spring – what to plant in November

Published: November 9, 2021 at 2:07 pm

Don't hang up your wellies and spade just yet. Put the work into your garden now and you'll reap the rewards come spring.

It might be looking a little cold, dank and dark out there but don't let the gloomy onset of winter put a stop to your garden growing just yet.


There's still plenty to plant and enjoy, and a little bit of hard work in November will have you reaping your rewards come spring.

From flowers to vegetables and herbs, the gardening experts at The Greenhouse People have compiled their list of what to plant this month in preparation for next year.

So whether you’re looking to inject some colour into your garden next spring, or hoping to harvest your own tasty produce, here's a list of plants and produce you can plant right now, ready to enjoy in early 2022.


Container display using a mass-planting of daffodils

With autumn still in full swing and winter (and Christmas) being merely notions rather than realities, it may feel a little early to be thinking about spring. But how about giving your garden a colourful treat to celebrate the end of winter?

Nothing says spring like the ever-on-trend daffodil, which look fantastic filling your garden pots with colour or showcased indoors in a vase.

Perfect for planting in late autumn thanks to their long dormant period, daffodil bulbs grow best in well-draining soil. Planting is simple. All you have to do is take care to leave plenty of space between each bulb, approximately 10 to 20cm, which will allow roots to take hold.


Tulips at the Philadelphia Flower Show 2020.

Alternatively, if you're really looking for a bigger splash of colour, treat yourself to tulips. There's a huge variety of colours available so go for a completely uniform single colour scheme, pick two or three stunning contrasts or go for a full on riot of colour and mix and match as you please.

Tulip bulbs can be placed directly into the soil and most grow well in pots.

The trick with tulips is to remember to avoid planting bulbs too close to the surface of your soil. The bulbs need to be planted in soil that’s around three times their depth for optimum growth.


Scent is a powerful tool in a garden and at Upper Sydling it is used to masterly effect. Here in the Cutting Garden the highly fragrant sweet rocket (Hesperis matronalis) makes a perfect partner for old roses, together with white centranthus, chamaenerion and Alchemilla mollis.

A rose in your garden is a gift that keeps on giving. With regular pruning and care it'll keep on flowering for years to come and November is a great time for introducing your pick of the bunch into your garden.

While roses can be planted at any time of year, they’re set up best during the autumn months thanks to a warmer and moist soil leftover from summer. Now is therefore the perfect time for planting bare root roses while they are dormant.

Be sure to give them enough room to grow and you should have some beautiful blooms by spring.

Broad beans

Broad beans
© Andrew Montgomery

And it's not all about good looks in your garden. There are some some wonderful fruit and vegetable options that you can plant in November if you're after more practical results.

Hardy broad beans and peas can be grown outdoors in rows and will begin to produce fruit by early spring.

Trick here is to find a sheltered patch with well-draining soil and plenty of sun to sow your seeds in, and make sure to use a cloche to protect against chilly spells through the winter. With any luck by spring you'll reap your rewards.

Garlic & Onions


If anything, even easier than broad beans, vegetables such as garlic, onions, and shallots are great to plant now as they can withstand the cold, require little space and virtually look after themselves (touch wood)…

The easiest way to grow onions is from sets. Plant the onion sets in rows, allowing 10-15cm between each.

When looking to plant onions during the autumn period, you’ll want to select an overwintering variety, commonly known as Japanese onions, which can be harvested earlier than the spring kind.


How to Grow Fruit and Vegetables in Pots
© Andrew Montgomery

If you're lucky enough to have a greenhouse, then November can still work wonders for the growing of herbs. A greenhouse will allow you to sow pots of herbs including basil, dill, chives, and parsley. If you don’t have a greenhouse, you can still get involved. Set aside a bright windowsill indoors and set your herb pots up there.

Plant them in November and you will be able to enjoy fresh herbs throughout winter by plucking and snipping just what you need, when you need it.


Remember that their growth will likely be slow during dark and cold days, but rest assured that they will pick up again when temperatures get warmer.


Daniel GriffithsDigital Editor

Daniel Griffiths is a veteran journalist who has worked on some of the biggest home and entertainment brands in the world. He is a serial house-renovator and home improvement expert, taking on everything from interior design and DIY to landscape gardening and garden design.


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